A blog about things that interest me, politics, news, media, architecture, development, environment, local history, secularism, web, dublin ireland, tara

Contact me at expectationlost@gmail.com

Thursday, 21 June 2018

We need Media Legibility as much as Media Literacy

Reuters Digital News Report 2018
As part of the Reuters Digital News Report 2018 survey a question was asked of the public in each country 'Who is typically responsible for writing a press release? The results of the Irish survey carried out by FUJO surprised me.

33 percent thought journalists and news outlets write press-releases for organisations; only 36 percent correctly identified the role of a PR spokesperson.
Would a "Press Officer" answer option let more people choose the correct answer? (or public relations, less or more), or was there a confusion between a press release thats usually written and then offering spokesperson (as in speech) as the correct answer option?


I read some other US studies/surveys of media literacy recently and the most of the questions seemed very basic to me, Im not sure how familiarity with the particular phraseology used by the news media is actually a news literacy test, a lot of the phrases are not actually used in the news, questions on general sceptism would be more useful. The 2018 and 2017 Reuters report seem to be about how the ignorant public get things wrong and are being misled by social media and outside forces, no mention of a catastrophic unending Mid-East war based on lies buoyed by the media or phone "hacking". The 2017 questionnaire directly compared social media and news media and seem to prime the respondents to compare and contrast them rather then consider news media by its self.

Media Literacy vs Media Legibility
One of the functions of the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland is 'media literacy', news/media literacy seems to be (generally aimed children) but also to be all about the public's ignorance of the media and how it works, how about the media be more transparent.

I think the other side of the coin to 'media literacy' might be 'media legibility', as an example, the Reuters Digital Report 2018 report says a lot of the public were not clear about who writes press releases. If the media was clearer about often just turning press releases into articles (perhaps by including the entire press release they were sent at the bottom of the article or linking to it), that would be 'media legibility', ie. being clearer about what they are doing. Does BAI have Media Legibility Policy / Network or does is my example have any part of the Media Literacy policy?

I think media correcting their mistakes and using hyperlinks arey crucial. Maybe news media literacy is a consumer facing issue and news legibility is a journalism industry issue. So does anyone in Ireland promote news legibility for the public benefit? The Press Council/Ombudsman is extremely limited as a I recently discovered its for the press not the public. The NUJ seem to be like lawyers and just defend reporters no matter how they carry out their job. The are number initiatives like the Trust Project Indicators which would aid media legibility but none are active in Ireland. The Centre for Critical Media Literacy is for student journalists, will they be able to change industry practices once employed in the industry?

Broadcasting Authority of Ireland

The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland operates under the Broadcasting Act 2009

Among the functions of the BAI is to,

(g) to undertake, encourage and foster research, measures and activities which are directed towards the promotion of media literacy, including co-operation with broadcasters, educationalists and other relevant persons.
it also funds
(b) new television or sound broadcasting programmes to improve adult or media literacy,

Definition of media literacy
“ media literacy ” means to bring about a better public understanding of:

(a) the nature and characteristics of material published by means of broadcast and related electronic media,

(b) the processes by which such material is selected, or made available, for publication by broadcast and related electronic media,

(c) the processes by which individuals and communities can create and publish audio or audio-visual material by means of broadcast and related electronic media, and

(d) the available systems by which access to material published by means of broadcast and related electronic media is or can be regulated;

BAI Understanding media and the Media Literacy Network

Media Literacy Network Ireland

BAI's Media Literacy Policy Document on the working groups of the Media Literacy Network Ireland and the Interim Steering Groups and an infrequently updated mailing list.

Wednesday, 30 May 2018

If a TD thinks an Irish president shouldn't be returned without a vote, why have they not initiated a bill to prevent it?

Michael Fitzmaurice TD says he wants to try and force a presidential election,(I think there should be one too).
Ill stand myself against President Higgins if there is no election insists TD Ocean FM Nialll Delaney 2017

Fitzmaurice says he would contest presidential election to stop President Michael D Higgins getting " a free run" at a second term
Liam Cosgrove 21 Aug 2017

I asked Michael Fitzmaurice TD, "do you think that it should be possible for an Irish President to return to office without an election?"

He replied "I think that should not happen".

I then asked him,

"would you then be sponsoring a bill to to remove Article 12 5° from the constitution?"

Where only one candidate is nominated for the office of President it shall not be necessary to proceed to a ballot for his election.

I received no reply from Michael Fitzmaurice TD.


The Constitutional Convention members made up of 66 citizens and 33 public reps voted on potnetial changes to the length of Presidential term.
Yes
No

Reduce the presidential term to five years
43
57
0

One-term presidency – seven years
44
44
12

One-term presidency – five years
14
78
8


Perhaps limiting it to one 7 or 8 year term would the simplest way to propose to resolve this, whether it would pass through the Oireachtas is another story.

If Michael Fitzmaurice or any other TD feels this strongly about this, why havn't they initiated such a bill.

Reducing or broadening the nomination criteria may be another way to address this without removing the option entirely.

Potential candidate senators can not initiate bills to amend the constitution but they could ask their potential TDs nominators to do so.
Links
Constitutional Convention report on presidential terms
Previous consitutional reviews


Ps Who are these other potential candidates? Who is Dr John McHugh from US / Donegal?